Chin-ups are a great lift for your upper back, abs, and grip strength. They’re even a great lift great for improving your cardiovascular fitness. What they’re most famous for, though, is building absolutely killer biceps.
In fact, the only other lift that can develop comparable biceps size are curls. But given that curls are a smaller single-joint movement, they’re better thought of as an assistance lift to the chin-up anyway.
The chin-up is one of our Big 5 bulking lifts, and in this article we’re going to go over the best strategies for integrating it into your bulking routine, getting the most muscle mass and strength out of it as possible.
In this article, we’ll cover:
- How to bulk up your arms, back and abs with the chin-up.
- Whether you should use a neutral grip, overhand grip, or underhand grip as your main chin-up variation.
- How to assess your weaknesses and then fix them.
- The best assistance lifts for improving your chin-up strength.
- How to use accessory lifts, such as biceps curls and rows.
This article is bulking: It will grow over time. Occasionally we’ll trim off some fat. Stay tuned.
To perform a chin-up, you start by hanging from the bar, arms fully extended, from what’s called a “dead hang.” Then you pull yourself up mightily, bringing your chest to the bar.
The purpose of starting from a dead hang and bringing your chest to the bar is that you want to use the largest range of motion that you can manage. Now, to be clear, that’s not because your biceps or lats need that entire range of motion. Your lats will benefit from part of it, your biceps will benefit from another part of it, but the main reason you want that massive range of motion is because you’ll work dozens of other muscles along the way. This is what turns it from a good biceps and back exercise into an amazing full-body exercise.
The best chin-up variations for range of motion tend to be underhand and neutral grip, which also have the advantage of being better for your biceps.
Rings (like gymnasts use) are a great option, too. They allow you to naturally rotate your hands from neutral to underhand as you pull yourself up. The only downside is that you might not have them.
Overhand chin-ups, which we’ll henceforth call pull-ups, are good for developing the lats and forearms (as are regular chin-ups), but they use a much shorter range of motion and aren’t as good for developing the biceps. Furthermore, because the biceps aren’t doing their share, people tend to be quite a bit weaker at pull-ups. Save these for a light assistance variation.
Best Chin-Up Variations
- Classic Underhand Chin-Ups
- Neutral-Grip Chin-Ups
- Ring Chin-Ups
Best Chin-Up Accessories
- Classic Overhand Pull-ups
- Lat Pulldowns
Best Assistance Lifts
- Biceps Curls
- Barbell Rows (especially underhand)